AuD Timeline

  • Residential Au.D. degrees awarded as of Aug, 2009 = 2028
  • Distance Ed Au.D. degrees awarded as of Aug, 2009 = 5429
  • Total Au.D. degrees awarded as of Aug, 2009 = 7457
  • Total Au.D. programs = 70 (includes three-Year Programs)
  • Total students enrolled in Residential Au.D. programs (Fall, 2009) = 2383
  • Total students enrolled in Distance education programs estimated = 1125
  • AAA forms its new Student Academy of Audiology (SAA). NAFDA dissolves national organization and merges with SAA (Jan, 2009)



  • George S. Osborne College of Audiology established as first college of audiology in country.
  • Two decades after the original Conference on Professional Education where the Au.D. was born, AFA held the Conference on Professional Education II: “Positioning Audiology for the 21st Century” on the ASHS campus in Mesa, AZ.
  • Washington University at St Louis’s Central Institute for the Deaf received ACAE accreditation.

  • Beginning 2007, new applicants for American Board of Audiology certification must have earned a doctoral degree in audiology from a regionally accredited college or university.



  • Total Au.D. graduates exceed 3800, including 701 residential graduates.
  • Total students enrolled in residential Au.D. programs = approx. 2000.
  • After Dec. 31, 2006, CAA (the ASHA accrediting body) will award candidacy, initial accreditation, or reaccreditation only to doctoral level programs in audiology.
  • In recognition of its goals and membership demographics, ADA members vote in favor of organizational name change to the Academy of Doctors of Audiology.
  • The PCO School of Audiology closes applications to the distance education Au.D. degree “bridge” program, December 31, 2006.
  • Central Michigan University’s online Doctor of Audiology program accepts its final applications for admission.
  • State licensure law change requiring a doctoral degree for new licensees to practice audiology first becomes effective in Ohio; other states soon follow.

  • ASHA issues its new 2012 CCC-A standards requiring doctoral level education, but does not limit which doctoral degree is required. It accepts an Au.D., Ph.D., Sc.D., Ed.D., or other doctoral degree designator.



  • AFA organized first Au.D. accreditation meeting.
  • Pennsylvania College of Optometry (PCO) becomes the first professional school to offer a Doctor of Audiology (Au.D.) degree with the beginning of the PCO School of Audiology distance program for practicing audiologists.

  • First transitional distance learning program for Au.D. established: Nova Southeastern University. Four additional programs open.
  • ADA becomes first audiology organization to require the Au.D. degree for Fellow membership (beginning January 2001). AAA follows, establishing 2007 as mandatory date, but does not restrict the doctoral degree to the Au.D.
  • The American Board of Audiology began granting certification to audiologists.
  • The National Association of Future Doctors of Audiology (NAFDA) was founded at University of Louisville, KY.



  • Six residential Au.D. programs now open.

  • ASHA mandates a ‘doctoral degree’ (which does not necessarily have to be the Au.D.) as a requirement for their certificate (the CCC-A) effective January 1, 2012.
  • ADA assists AFA to sponsor fellowships for Au.D. students at 4 universities.



  • Baylor College of Medicine graduates the first three Doctors of Audiology in May, 1996.

  • ADA and AFA co-sponsor the Au.D. Standards and Equivalency (S & E) Conference to develop standards of education for Au.D. programs and experiential equivalency of practitioners, as well as to develop a strategy for the transition of current practitioners to the Au.D. There were 10 co-sponsors for the S&E conference
  • ASHA recommends a “doctoral degree” to enter audiology practice, but does not specify the Au.D. as the exclusive entry level degree for clinical practice.



  • AFA awards $25,000 grant to establish first Au.D. program at Baylor College of Medicine.
  • First Au.D. students matriculate at Baylor College of Medicine.

  • ASHA’s ad hoc committee on Professional Education recommends the Au.D. as the entry level degree by 2001.
  • ASHA’s Executive Board votes against a resolution calling for the Au.D. to become the entry level degree. ASHA’s Legislative Council tables the resolution.



  • The Audiology Foundation of America (AFA) convenes “Move the Mountain” conference with academic leaders to devise strategies to encourage universities to adopt and offer the Au.D. degree.

  • ADA formed the Audiology Foundation of American (AFA) to transform Audiology to a doctoral profession with the Au.D. as its distinctive designator. ASHA task force again endorses the concept of a professional doctorate as post-baccalaureate degree.



  • ADA convenes the “Conference on Professional Education” to address the need for and feasibility of a professional doctorate. This 3-day facilitated meeting, with attendees comprised of 25 key ADA members, resulted in the naming of the Au.D. degree as such, a detailed rationale, and a blueprint for future Au.D programs. This meeting was essentially the “Rosetta Stone” of the Au.D. degree.

  • ASHA Audiology task force again recommends a “professional doctorate degree”, this time by 1998. ASHA again did not act on the recommendation



  • ASHA task force recommends “professional doctorate” for audiology. ASHA did not act on this recommendation

  • ASHA study concludes that a two-year masters degree is not sufficient time to adequately prepare students for clinical practice.



  • ASHA task force discusses the need for professional doctorate so that Ph.D. programs could focus on research instead of clinical training.

  • Academy of Dispensing Audiologists was formed.